Deciduous Forest Biome


Geography and Location
Deciduous forests can be found in the eastern half of North America, and the middle of Europe. There are many deciduous forests in Asia. Some of the major areas that they are in are southwest Russia, Japan, and eastern China. South America has two big areas of deciduous forests in southern Chile and Middle East coast of Paraguay. There are deciduous forests located in New Zealand, and southeastern Australia also. The difference between the deciduous forest and any other forest is that the deciduous forest loses their leaves in the winter months before losing their leaves they will change colors. The average annual temperature in a deciduous forest is 50° F. The average rainfall is 30 to 60 inches a year. There are many different kinds of trees located in the deciduous forest like oak, beech, maple, chestnut hickory, elm, basswood, linden, walnut, and sweet gum trees. They have heights from 60 to 100 feet. Also there are many different kinds of shrubs like rhododendrons, mountain laurel, and huckleberries. In the deciduous forest you can find all four seasons, winter, summer, fall and spring. There is about a 6-month growing season.

temperate.deciduous.forest.map.jpgClimate
The forest has a distinct four seasons. Most of the forests have mild summers averaging around seventy degrees. This season last around three to six months. Most of the months that are common are June through August. In the summer they usually receive more than eighteen inches of rain. Winter begins around December and is cool and average a little below freezing. During the winter months the leaves fall. This season averages around fourteen inches of rain. The ocean plays a big part in why the temperatures change. An average temperature in a deciduous forest averages around fifty degrees and thirty to sixty inches of rain. Deciduous forests are second in the rainiest biome next to a rainforest. In the spring the sun is the sky for most of the day giving life for all the plants and animals. These four seasons in the deciduous forest is similar to what our four seasons are here.

Animal and Adaptations
Wide variety of mammals, birds, insects, and reptiles can be found in a deciduous forest. The mammals that are found in a deciduous forest include wood mice, red panda, brown bear, river otter, beaver, hedgehog, white naped crane, red fox, white tailed deer, puma, mountain lion, porcupine, chipmunk, raccoon, opossum, squirrel, moose, and gray fox. White tail deer are found in the U.S. mountain deer-756165.jpglions, timber wolves, and coyotes are natural residents of these forests but have been nearly eliminated by human because of human life. Other animals that were native to this biome, such as elk and bison, have been hunted to near extinction.

Migration and hibernation are 2 adaptations that are common in the deciduous forest. Wide varieties of birds migrate south for the winter months and then return for summer months. Many mammals hibernate during the cold winter months when food is in short supply. Another adaptation some animals have is food storage. Like squirrels, chipmunks, and some jays store seeds and nuts in hollow trees during the summer month when the food is plentiful. They store the food cause in the winter months the food is in short supply.

Vegetation types
plants2.jpg There are many different vegetation types in the deciduous forest. For example evergreen rain for ests, semi-evergreen , dry woodlands, savannas and grasslands, sclerophyll woodlands, winter rain, moist warm temperate woodlands, temperate steppes, semi-deserts, deserts with cold winters. The s main types of vegetation are sprouters and non-sprouters.




Major Products/exports/Goods/services of biome
Major products of a Deciduous Forest are lumber, paper, rocking chairs, Maple Syrup, and musical instruments. The lumber from the Deciduous Forest is used to make new homes. The paper can be used to give a Science and Environment test. The wood could also be used to make rocking chairs that could wind up at a house built from the same forest. Wood is major product in our everyday life. Without wood our lives would be very different most people wouldn’t have a house.


Deciduous Forest webpages
Geography and Location
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm
Climate
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_climate_page.htm
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm
animals and adaptations
http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/dforestA.html
http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Bio96_97/P3/Forest/SM&AR
Notes-