*Alpine Biomes*


The Alpine biome, to most people, is like winter. There’s snow, ice, low temperature, high winds, etc. The word Alpine comes from the Latin word “Alpes” which means high mountain.

Alpine biomes are found throughout the world in mountain regions. The biome itself usually lies just below the snow line of a mountain. The typical altitude for a mountain in the Alpine biome is approximately 10,000 feet or more.

The average temperature for an area located in the Alpine region during summer usually ranges from 10 to 15° C. Temperatures in winter are almost always below freezing. The winter season can last from October to May while the summer season may last from June to September.

*Climate*


The alpine climate is one of the coldest biomes in the world due to its high altitudes. The average summer temperatures in summer range from -12 degrees Celsius to 10 degrees Celsius. The alpine biome receives and average of 30cm of precipitation year.
The alpine and the tundra biomes are much alike because they are both cold and dry throughout the year. The alpine biomes cover 16 percent of the earth’s surface area. The alpine biomes are located on mountains where trees can’t grow. The growing season for plants is about 180 days. The soil is well drained. The night temperature is almost always below freezing. The problem of light is quite different in alpine biomes than in other biomes. The little amount of atmosphere at high altitudes exposes the Alpine biome area to a dangerous amount of sunlight and UV.

*Locations*


The Himalayan Alpine range is located in Asia. The range makes a curve of 1,500 miles through Southern Asia. The location is 86º55'40" E Longitude to 27º59'16 N, Latitude.external image khumbu_valley_himalaya.jpg









The Andes Mountains are located in South America, running north to south along the western coast of the continent. The latitude is 10° N. to 57° S. The longitude is 70° W. to 80° E.
external image andes_mountains2.jpg

Rocky mountain -This mountain range is in the United States. The latitude and longitude range is 35% N to 60%N and 115% E to 165% E.
external image rocky_mountains_sml.jpg

*Animals*


Some of the animals in the Alpine are alpacas who live in the Andes Mountains of South America, andean condor is the largest vulture in South America mostly in Peru, Chile, and the Patagonian steppe of Argentina, chinchilla can be found in the Andes alpine regions, but because they are an endangered species, they are not easily found, llamas today live in the high Andes Mountains of western South America. They can be found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chili, and Peru, mountain goats can be found in the mountains of northwestern regions of North America, where they seem to cling and move around on the impossibly steep slopes, snow leopards live in the Himalayan alpine regions of central Asia, vicunas live on the high, grassland plateaus of the Andes mountains which range from southern Peru to northern Chile and parts of Bolivia and Argentina, and yaks have adapted to living in harsh and barren areas of the Himalayan alpine region. They are one of the few animals that live at these high altitudes.

*Alpine vegetation*


The alpine vegetation is composed of five types, alpine tundras, alpine meadows, shrub thickets, creeping vegetation thickets, and sub-bald peak sparse elfin woodlands. These types are distinguished by prevalence therein of vital forms of plants that form the landscape physiognomic image. Alpine vegetation occupies just over 1 percent of the area.

Alpine occurs over small sectors to alternate with thickets of shrubs and creeping vegetation. Detrital-rocky outcrops are relatively rare. Vegetation occupies a major portion of the surface. Lichen-moss mosses are Aulocomnium, Polytrichum, Rhytidium, Rhacomitrium, Dicranum, etc. Prevalent among lichen is Cladonia, Vaccinium, Rhododendron, Ledum, Salix, Arctous, Diapensia, etc. Pinus pumila, short specimens of Betula lanata and Alnus fruticosa also occur. Herbaceous plants are few, Carex representatives prevailing. Lichen are a big part of the vegetation of the alpine biome.

Alpine meadows, Natural treeless areas of grass vegetation do occur in small patches at altitudes. They form preferentially in snow accumulation sites and do not form an independent altitudinal strip. Occurring most often are dense thickets tall grass highly diversified in composition with usually no clearly predominant species; however, the general background is created by representatives of the genera.

*Human Impacts*


The activities of summer visitors to the alpine of Trail Ridge in Rocky Mountain National Park results in the rapid destruction of vegetation in the areas seen by most visitors at close range-especially near parking areas. Ecosystems differ in their reaction to trampling; those with high soil-moisture are most easily damaged. Tall herb ecosystems are next, and then fell field. Turf types are the most durable. Other activities affecting alpine are rock collecting, littering, crushing by car tires and flower picking.

*Goods and Exports*

Some of the goods and services of the alpine biome are meat, milk, fiber,eggs, and traction, but also economic valuation (all other are tangible contributions from that species such as transport, manure, hides,blood,crafting materials, winnings from competitive events, earnings from clearing and brush control

*Sources*


Alpine Vegetation (Dillon)
http://www.fegi.ru/prim/plant/rast1.htm
Human Impacts (Jeannie)
http://nohvcclibrary.forestry.uga.edu/ei%20wildlife%20human%20activit%20alpine%20tundra%20abs.htm
Goods and Exports
http://books.google.com/books?id=o5fIiqlKFzsC&pg=PA40&lpg=PA40&dq=goods+from+alpine+biome&source=web&ots=U7wK4ai7vV&sig=
f-CVySYN2xlC2EjKeF3IftOtdDw#PPA40,M1
Climate (Shane)
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/alpine_climate_page_.htm
Animal (Leslie)
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/alpine_animal_page.htm
About (Ashleigh)
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/alpine.htm
Locations (Chris)
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/himalayanalpine.htm
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/andes.htm
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/rocky_mountain.htm